Monthly Archives: August 2019

Supporting The Successful Functioning Of Commercial Building

Commercial buildings are buildings that are planned to bring benefits to the owners and users. There are many commercial buildings that can make a profit; they are shop houses, hotels, boarding houses, apartments, etc.

Commercial buildings such as shop houses that can be rented out by the owner or as a place to open a business, hotels that serve as paid lodgings, boarding houses or apartments for rent so that they always provide sustainable income. Commercial buildings can also be used for rental office space, warehouses, shops, supermarkets, shopping centers and services such as clinics, laundry, workshops, etc. In order for commercial buildings to look more attractive and elegant, they should be the work of professional and experienced construction contractors such as Syscomax. Syscomax is experienced in terms of Commercial Construction; they not only design and build commercial construction but offer turnkey solutions by supporting customers from prospects and potential land locations to building deliveries, including financing aspects.

To support the successful functioning of your commercial building, it is necessary to design in detail and pay attention to several aspects such as imaging, economic value of the building, strategic location, principles of building safety, principles of building comfort, socio-cultural conditions of the community and development technology.

Imaging – Commercial buildings must have a strong image or character as an attraction to attract consumers. Every commercial building should have a strong character; this character will distinguish it from other buildings in the surrounding environment. The character will also help consumers to keep remembering the building.

Economic value – The economic value of a building is related to the costs incurred for maintenance every month. Make sure the commercial building that you are going to buy does not provide much homework. You will lose if you buy a commercial building that has a lot of damage, although you can sell or rent it at a high price after repairs in the future, but it will not return your capital quickly. Likewise, when you intend to build a commercial building, be sure to work with experienced Commercial Construction contractors who always understand client expectations.

Strategic location – Strategic location means commercial buildings are easy to see, search and reach by anyone in any way. The strategic location will also greatly affect the sale and rent values in the future. Ask for advice from experienced construction contractors like Syscomax before determining the location of your commercial building.

Building safety – Security is a psychological need that must be met when planning to build a commercial building. Security will also affect your comfort while using commercial buildings to run a business. Safe building means avoiding natural disasters, crime, robbery, etc.

Building comfort – Commercial buildings will benefit more if they are able to make the occupants and consumers feel at home. Comfort can arise from lighting, air circulation, audio, floor conditions, etc.

Socio-cultural condition of the community – Commercial buildings must be accepted by the surrounding community. If the presence of the building is unwanted or rejected by the surrounding community then this will clearly affect the smooth running of your business in the future.

Technological development – Technology affects every aspect of human life, one of which is the construction of commercial buildings. Commercial construction contractors must apply the most advanced technology in building commercial buildings. Construction technology is also expected to provide facilities for the surrounding community to plan and construct commercial buildings safely and comfortably.

Some aspects above need to be adjusted to the type of commercial building. You can consult commercial building construction plans with the best contractors like Syscomax. With the experience of working on hundreds of commercial construction projects they will provide the best solutions for every commercial building such as agribusiness construction, recreational construction, aviation sector, pharmaceutical sector, High density areas, etc.

Near-ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (NAP-XPS)

The SPECS NAP-XPS system is a technique which allows for XPS characterisation under realistic conditions. XPS is a spectroscopic technique that allows for the chemical composition of the surface analysis of a sample to be determined; this is done through soft X-rays being fired at the sample and photoelectrons ejected.

These ejected photoelectrons carry information about the elements that are present in the sample and their bonding environment. Critically, only electrons from the very surface of the sample escape and reach the detector – thus making XPS a surface-sensitive technique. During the testing process, the sample and the detector are kept under high vacuum conditions during measurement, this is to ensure that the photoelectrons are not absorbed by air molecules before reaching the detector.

XPS has been used for a number of years in order to study surfaces, and it is regularly used in fields such as; catalysis, corrosion and electrochemistry – where the chemical nature of the surface of the sample is critical. However, there is a major drawback – it is used as post mortem technique. As the sample must be kept in high vacuum conditions during the measurement, scientists can only observe the state of the sample before and after a chemical reaction has occurred. It is not possible to look at the surface during a chemical reaction, which is the most interesting and sometimes, most informative part.

NAP-XPS overcomes this limitation by placing the sample inside a special high pressure cell connected to the analyser through several layers of differential pumping. This means that surfaces can be studied in-situ during chemical reactions; for example, following the surface chemistry of a catalyst while it is operating.

NAP-XPS represents a revolution in the field, allowing for the XPS characterisation of a sample in a gaseous environment. This is achieved through the maintenance of containing the sample in a high pressure cell that is only open to the analyser via a small aperture. A series of pumping stages after this aperture quickly reduce the pressure back down to high vacuum, and so limits the distance that the electrons have to travel through the high pressure of the gas. By placing the surface of the sample close to this aperture, the area under analysis can be in a high pressure of gas, whilst also allowing a usable fraction of the emitted photoelectrons to escape and reach the detector.

XPS is a common analytical tool used for quantitative measurement of the elemental composition as well as specific chemical state information of the surface constituents. It allows us to probe chemical interactions on the atomic level for vapor/solid interfaces. NAP-XPS also allows the investigation of the electronic and structural properties of small organics.

What it can do:

In the NAP cell

  • Analysis of samples in the presence of a gas (or a mixture of gases) up to a total pressure of 25mbar.
  • Heating/cooling of samples from -0ºC to 700ºC during analysis.

In UHV (Ultra High Vacuum)

  • Standard UHV sample prep (sputter/anneal cycles).
  • Cluster-ion sputtering (depth profiling of fragile samples such as polymers).
  • Dedicated chamber for evaporation of organics etc.
  • LEED (Low-energy electron diffraction).